Dilemma of the 1994 agreement
By the Chushi Gangdruk

issue : AT n°2 - 2007
author: Chushi Gangdruk
file :
other language: French

In the wake of our Government-in-Exile's adoption of a "Give and Take" policy in settling the Tibetan issue with the Chinese authorities in Peking, our organization made a contact with the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission of the Taiwanese government and signed a three-point agenda proposal in Banglore, India. While seeking the consent and views of His Holiness, conceived as an appropriate way, our representatives at once received a very adverse response from the Dharamsala government. An apologetic appeal dated January 6, 1994, from our leaders to His Holiness the Dalai Lama to express their deep regret for having caused His Holiness upset and also to solemnly reaffirm, on behalf of all the Khampas dead and alive, their faith in His Holiness and no one else as single leadership, was submitted through the private office of His Holiness, but it did not reach its destination and was returned back to our leaders by the private office. As directed by His Holiness, our leaders approached the Katsok (Cabinet-Chairman) on February 4, 194, to explain and try to mitigate the issue, but the Katsok did not budge an inch from what they had already decided to do. Later that evening, a sincere attempt was made again through two Dhotoe Standing Committee members of the Assembly to forestall the planned Katsok campaign, which was then seen by our leaders as more harmful than helpful, by promising to do everything the Katsok might demand, except for the resignations by two signatories of the proposal from their respective posts, which in accordance with the bylaws has to be done in the General Meeting, but the Katsok did not was to trade for anything the golden opportunity to crack down on our organization. So it was flatly rejected by the Katsok. A second attempt was made to withdraw the agenda proposal, the bone of contention, when six representatives of Densa Sum - whose three main seats, Drepung, Sera, and Gaden represented the Dhotoe people in those monasteries - agreed to act as mediators. As demanded by the representatives, a joint agreement of declaration to withdraw the proposal was signed on June 24, 1994, to their satisfaction, but the Katsok not only objected to their deed but severely scolded them for their efforts. In spite of our best efforts to resolve the problem ourselves without much unnecessary overreaction to create negative effects, unfortunately the Katsok never did give our organization any chance to do so.

Thus the end result, according to the declared Verdict of the Kakyi (Cabinet-Assembly) dated August 2, 1994, was that 99.6% of the Khampa population signed against the proposal, which the Kakyi proudly used as an important instrument to crush our organization. On the other hand, this actually meant that 99.6% of the Khampa population did not accept an agreement in which His Holiness the Dalai Lama was recognized by Nationalist China as head of Tibet both politically and religiously. Although the actual number of Khampas who signed against the proposal agreement was less than 30% of the population, still this is the unfortunate backfire of the Katsok's signature campaign and is being held responsible for it. The above-mentioned verdict said that through the signature campaign of the Khampas carried out by the Kakyi, the agenda proposal agreement reached by and between Taiwan and Chushi Gangdrug would be null and void. It also said at the end that by making the announcement of the verdict, the Chapter of Taichu (Chushi Gangdrug's chapter in Taiwan) issue would be closed once and for all and, therefore, everyone was advised not to raise the issue again to create public disturbance in the future. However, the Dharamsala administration henceforth vehemently carried out vicious campaigns against the organization and its members. Labeling our members as anti-Dalai Lama and traitors, it relentlessly acted by dissuading all aid organizations from any dealing with our organization. It took upon itself the task of preventing our organization from having any meaningful contact with the commission. It disenfranchised, ostracized and persecuted our members as punishment for committing no worse a crime than making Nationalist China acknowledge the institute of the Dalai Lama as supreme head of Tibet both politically and religiously and to recognize and safeguard the system of Tibetan self-rule in the event of a democratic reunion of China. Our exile administration went to the extent of setting up a fake Chushi Gangdrug in Dharamsala to challenge our Central Chushi Gangdrug using its registration number, which is an illegal act on their part. In short, the Kashag left no stone unturned to crush our organization. However, in spite of all the odds against our organization, it was due to our sheer determination in our belief and the confidence of our people in the organization that we stood our ground and carried on with our work. Logically speaking, as long as independence of Tibet is given up and the struggle for it has ceased, it should make no difference whether it is the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission in Taipei or whether it is the Republic of China in Taiwan, because MTAC is part and parcel of the ROC, and the Taiwanese government is made up of eight ministries and two commissions, of which MTAC is one. By the same logic, if ever Taiwan becomes a sovereign state, then Tibet will have no association with it except culture and religion.

Ironically, our Dharamsala government could easily abandon the struggle for independence of Tibet at the advice of some defeatist circle in the administration, but it could not forgive Chushi Gangdrug for making the Republic of China acknowledge the institute of the Dalai Lama as temporal and spiritual head of Tibet. It is the fervent wish and the aspiration of the Khampas dead and alive to restore the status and the power of His Holiness the Dalai Lama as supreme religious and temporal ruler of Tibet in its entirety as it was prior to the Communist Chinese aggression and never to be separated from Him but always to be like head and shoulders. If this thinking is perceived as wrong, then there seems no point in being right.